Endocrine Reviews Journal Article

Brown Adipose Crosstalk in Tissue Plasticity and Human Metabolism

October 15, 2019

Marialetizia Rastelli, Patrice D Cani, Claude Knauf
Endocrine Reviews, Volume 41, Issue 1, February 2020, bnz007
https://doi.org/10.1210/endrev/bnz007

Abstract

Infants rely on brown adipose tissue (BAT) as a primary source of thermogenesis. In some adult humans, residuals of brown adipose tissue are adjacent to the central nervous system and acute activation increases metabolic rate. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) recruitment occurs during cold acclimation and includes secretion of factors, known as batokines, which target several different cell types within BAT, and promote adipogenesis, angiogenesis, immune cell interactions, and neurite outgrowth. All these processes seem to act in concert to promote an adapted BAT. Recent studies have also provided exciting data on whole body metabolic regulation with a broad spectrum of mechanisms involving BAT crosstalk with liver, skeletal muscle, and gut as well as the central nervous system. These widespread interactions might reflect the property of BAT of switching between an active thermogenic state where energy is highly consumed and drained from the circulation, and the passive thermoneutral state, where energy consumption is turned off.

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