Endocrinology Journal Article

LncRNA-Malat1 Regulates β-cell Function via Ptbp1

July 13, 2020
 

Li Xiong, Yingying Gong, Liting Wu, Jin Li, Weiman He, Xiaonan Zhu, Haipeng Xiao
Endocrinology, Volume 161, Issue 7, July 2020, bqaa065
https://doi.org/10.1210/endocr/bqaa065

Abstract

Increasing evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have crucial roles in various biological processes. However, the contribution of lncRNAs to β-cell dysfunction and their roles in diabetes therapeutics remain poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify the lncRNAs dysregulated in diabetic islets and to explore the lncRNAs involved in β-cell function as potential therapeutic targets. By using RNA sequencing and real-time PCR, we identified thousands of lncRNAs in the islets of db/db mice and db/m littermate mice. Among the differentially expressed lncRNAs, lncRNA-Malat1 (metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1) was reduced in the islets of db/db mice and palmitate-treated MIN6 cells. The results of TUNEL, Western blot and flow cytometric analyses, and GSIS assays revealed that Malat1 knockdown significantly induced β-cell apoptosis and inhibited insulin secretion. Mechanistically, RNA immunoprecipitation showed that Malat1 enhanced polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (Ptbp1) protein stability by direct interaction, thereby adjusting the ratio of pyruvate kinase muscle (PKM) isoforms 1 and 2 (PKM1/PKM2). Moreover, luciferase assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation indicated that Malat1 was transcriptionally activated by pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (Pdx1), through which exendin-4 alleviated lipotoxicity-induced β-cell damage. In summary, our findings suggested the involvement of Malat1 in β-cell dysfunction under diabetic conditions via the Malat1/Ptbp1/PKM2 pathway. In addition, exendin-4 ameliorated β-cell impairment by Pdx1-mediated Malat1 upregulation. Hence, Malat1 may serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

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