Endocrinology Journal Article

Maternal HFD Impairs Memory Across Generations

January 18, 2021
 

Cheng Lin, YanYan Lin, Ji Luo, JunRu Yu, YaNi Cheng, XiaoYun Wu, Lin Lin, YuanShao Lin
Endocrinology, Volume 162, Issue 1, January 2021, bqaa214
https://doi.org/10.1210/endocr/bqaa214

Abstract

As advances are made in the field of developmental origins of health and disease, there is an emphasis on long-term influence of maternal environmental factors on offspring health. Maternal high-fat diet (HFD) consumption has been suggested to exert detrimental effects on cognitive function in offspring, but whether HFD-dependent brain remodeling can be transmitted to the next generations is still unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that HFD consumption during rat pregnancy and lactation multigenerationally influences male offspring hippocampal synaptic plasticity and cognitive function. We observed that hippocampus-dependent learning and memory was impaired in 3 generations from HFD-fed maternal ancestors (referred as F1-F3), as assessed by novel object recognition and Morris water maze tests. Moreover, maternal HFD exposure also affected electrophysiological and ultrastructure measures of hippocampal synaptic plasticity across generations. We observed that intranasal insulin replacement partially rescued hippocampal synaptic plasticity and cognitive deficits in F3 rats, suggesting central insulin resistance may play an important role in maternal diet-induced neuroplasticity impairment. Furthermore, maternal HFD exposure enhanced the palmitoylation of GluA1 critically involved in long-term potentiation induction, while palmitoylation inhibitor 2-bromopalmitate counteracts GluA1 hyperpalmitoylation and partially abolishes the detrimental effects of maternal diet on learning and memory in F3 offspring. Importantly, maternal HFD-dependent GluA1 hyperpalmitoylation was reversed by insulin replacement. Taken together, our data suggest that maternal HFD exposure multigenerationally influences adult male offspring hippocampal synaptic plasticity and cognitive performance, and central insulin resistance may serve as the cross-talk between maternal diet and cognitive impairment across generations.

Read the article

 

You may also like...

Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.
Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.

Thematic Issue

Latest Thematic Issue

immuno-endocrinology
Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Back to top
Short on time?

We'll come to you...

Get updates on the latest breakthroughs, clinical practice guidelines, and career development opportunities, straight to your inbox

Then take the next step: Set up your free website account and get exclusive access to even more great tools & content!