Endocrinology Journal Article

Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Health

January 04, 2021
 

Manasi Das, Consuelo Sauceda, Nicholas J G Webster
Endocrinology, Volume 162, Issue 1, January 2021, bqaa158
https://doi.org/10.1210/endocr/bqaa158

Abstract

Mounting evidence suggests a role for mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, aging, and ovarian failure. Because of the central role of mitochondria in energy production, heme biosynthesis, calcium buffering, steroidogenesis, and apoptosis signaling within cells, understanding the molecular mechanisms behind mitochondrial dysregulation and its potential implications in disease is critical. This review will take a journey through the past and summarize what is known about mitochondrial dysfunction in various disorders, focusing on metabolic alterations and reproductive abnormalities. Evidence is presented from studies in different human populations, and rodents with genetic manipulations of pathways known to affect mitochondrial function.

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