Endocrinology Journal Article

Mitochondrial Dysfunction, Insulin Resistance, and Potential Genetic Implications

February 15, 2020
 

Panjamaporn Sangwung, Kitt Falk Petersen, Gerald I Shulman, Joshua W Knowles
Endocrinology, Volume 161, Issue 4, April 2020, bqaa017
https://doi.org/10.1210/endocr/bqaa017

Abstract

Insulin resistance (IR) is fundamental to the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and is present in most prediabetic (preDM) individuals. Insulin resistance has both heritable and environmental determinants centered on energy storage and metabolism. Recent insights from human genetic studies, coupled with comprehensive in vivo and ex vivo metabolic studies in humans and rodents, have highlighted the critical role of reduced mitochondrial function as a predisposing condition for ectopic lipid deposition and IR. These studies support the hypothesis that reduced mitochondrial function, particularly in insulin-responsive tissues such as skeletal muscle, white adipose tissue, and the liver, is inextricably linked to tissue and whole body IR through the effects on cellular energy balance. Here we discuss these findings as well as address potential mechanisms that serve as the nexus between mitochondrial malfunction and IR.

Read the article

 

You may also like...

Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.
Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.

Thematic Issue

Latest Thematic Issue

immuno-endocrinology
Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Back to top
Short on time?

We'll come to you...

Get updates on the latest breakthroughs, clinical practice guidelines, and career development opportunities, straight to your inbox

Then take the next step: Set up your free website account and get exclusive access to even more great tools & content!