The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Journal Article

Gut Microbiota at Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Onset

September 07, 2020
 

Roberto Biassoni, Eddi Di Marco, Margherita Squillario, Annalisa Barla, Gianluca Piccolo, Elisabetta Ugolotti, Cinzia Gatti, Nicola Minuto, Giuseppa Patti, Mohamad Maghnie, Giuseppe d’Annunzio
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 105, Issue 9, September 2020, dgaa407
https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa407

Abstract

Aims

The purpose of this work is to find the gut microbial fingerprinting of pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes.

Methods

The microbiome of 31 children with type 1 diabetes at onset and of 25 healthy children was determined using multiple polymorphic regions of the 16S ribosomal RNA. We performed machine-learning analyses and metagenome functional analysis to identify significant taxa and their metabolic pathways content.

Results

Compared with healthy controls, patients showed a significantly higher relative abundance of the following most important taxa: Bacteroides stercoris, Bacteroides fragilis, Bacteroides intestinalis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Gammaproteobacteria and its descendants, Holdemania, and Synergistetes and its descendants. On the contrary, the relative abundance of Bacteroides vulgatus, Deltaproteobacteria and its descendants, Parasutterella and the Lactobacillus, Turicibacter genera were significantly lower in patients with respect to healthy controls. The predicted metabolic pathway more associated with type 1 diabetes patients concerns “carbon metabolism,” sugar and iron metabolisms in particular. Among the clinical variables considered, standardized body mass index, anti-insulin autoantibodies, glycemia, hemoglobin A1c, Tanner stage, and age at onset emerged as most significant positively or negatively correlated with specific clusters of taxa.

Conclusions

The relative abundance and supervised analyses confirmed the importance of B stercoris in type 1 diabetes patients at onset and showed a relevant role of Synergistetes and its descendants in patients with respect to healthy controls. In general the robustness and coherence of the showed results underline the relevance of studying the microbioma using multiple polymorphic regions, different types of analysis, and different approaches within each analysis.

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