The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Journal Article

Whole-Genome and Transcriptome Sequencing of FTC

November 16, 2021
 

Johan O Paulsson, Nima Rafati, Sebastian DiLorenzo, Yi Chen, Felix Haglund, Jan Zedenius, C Christofer Juhlin
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 106, Issue 11, November 2021, Pages 3265–3282
https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgab471

Abstract

Background

The genomic and transcriptomic landscape of widely invasive follicular thyroid carcinomas (wiFTCs) and Hürthle cell carcinoma (HCC) are poorly characterized, and subsets of these tumors lack information on genetic driver events.

Objective

The aim of this study was to bridge this gap.

Methods

We performed whole-genome and RNA sequencing and subsequent bioinformatic analyses of 11 wiFTCs and 2 HCCs with a particularly poor prognosis, and matched normal tissue.

Results

All wiFTCs exhibited one or several mutations in established thyroid cancer genes, including TERT (n = 4), NRAS (n = 3), HRAS, KRAS, AKT, PTEN, PIK3CA, MUTYH, TSHR, and MEN1 (n = 1 each). MutSig2CV analysis revealed recurrent somatic mutations in FAM72D (n = 3, in 2 wiFTCs and in a single HCC), TP53 (n = 3, in 2 wiFTCs and a single HCC), and EIF1AX (n = 3), with DGCR8 (n = 2) as borderline significant. The DGCR8 mutations were recurrent p.E518K missense alterations, known to cause familial multinodular goiter via disruption of microRNA (miRNA) processing. Expression analyses showed reduced DGCR8 messenger RNA expression in FTCs in general, and the 2 DGCR8 mutants displayed a distinct miRNA profile compared to DGCR8 wild-types. Copy number analyses revealed recurrent gains on chromosomes 4, 6, and 10, and fusion gene analyses revealed 27 high-quality events. Both HCCs displayed hyperploidy, which was fairly unusual in the FTC cohort. Based on the transcriptome data, tumors amassed in 2 principal clusters.

Conclusion

We describe the genomic and transcriptomic landscape in wiFTCs and HCCs and identify novel recurrent mutations and copy number alterations with possible driver properties and lay the foundation for future studies.

Read the article

 

You may also like...

Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.
Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.

Thematic Issue

Latest Thematic Issue

immuno-endocrinology
Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Back to top
Short on time?

We'll come to you...

Get updates on the latest breakthroughs, clinical practice guidelines, and career development opportunities, straight to your inbox

Then take the next step: Set up your free website account and get exclusive access to even more great tools & content!