Journal of the Endocrine Society Journal Article

Flash CGM in Insulin-Treated Type 2 Diabetes

March 08, 2021
 

Richard M Bergenstal, Matthew S D Kerr, Gregory J Roberts, Diana Souto, Yelena Nabutovsky, Irl B Hirsch
Journal of the Endocrine Society, Volume 5, Issue 4, April 2021, bvab013
https://doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvab013

Abstract

Purpose

Suboptimal glycemic control among individuals with diabetes is a leading cause of hospitalizations and emergency department utilization. Use of flash continuous glucose monitoring (flash CGM) improves glycemic control in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, which may result in lower risk for acute and chronic complications that require emergency services and/or hospitalizations.

Methods

In this retrospective, real-world study, we analyzed IBM MarketScan Commercial Claims and Medicare Supplemental databases to assess the impact of flash CGM on diabetes-related events and hospitalizations in a cohort of 2463 individuals with type 2 diabetes who were on short- or rapid-acting insulin therapy. Outcomes were changes in acute diabetes-related events (ADE) and all-cause inpatient hospitalizations (ACH), occurring during the first 6 months after acquiring the flash CGM system compared with event rates during the 6 months prior to system acquisition. ICD-10 codes were used to identify ADE for hypoglycemia, hypoglycemic coma, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, and hyperosmolarity.

Results

ADE rates decreased from 0.180 to 0.072 events/patient-year (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.39 [0.30, 0.51]; P < 0.001) and ACH rates decreased from 0.420 to 0.283 events/patient-year (HR: 0.68 [0.59 0.78]; P < 0.001). ADE reduction occurred regardless of age or gender.

Conclusions

Acquisition of the flash CGM system was associated with reductions in ADE and ACH. These findings provide support for the use of flash CGM in type 2 diabetes patients treated with short- or rapid-acting insulin therapy to improve clinical outcomes and potentially reduce costs.

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