Journal of the Endocrine Society Journal Article

GLP-1 and ANP in Pulmonary Disease

December 19, 2019

Emilie Balk-Møller, Johanne Agerlin Windeløv, Berit Svendsen, Jenna Hunt, Seyed Mojtaba Ghiasi, Charlotte Mehlin Sørensen, Jens Juul Holst, Hannelouise Kissow
Journal of the Endocrine Society, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2020, bvz034
https://doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvz034

Abstract

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is protective in lung disease models but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Because the hormone atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) also has beneficial effects in lung disease, we hypothesized that GLP-1 effects may be mediated by ANP expression. To study this putative link, we used a mouse model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and assessed lung function by unrestrained whole-body plethysmography. In 1 study, we investigated the role of endogenous GLP-1 by genetic GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) knockout (KO) and pharmaceutical blockade of the GLP-1R with the antagonist exendin-9 to -39 (EX-9). In another study the effects of exogenous GLP-1 were assessed. Lastly, we investigated the bronchodilatory properties of ANP and a GLP-1R agonist on isolated bronchial sections from healthy and COPD mice.

Lung function did not differ between mice receiving phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and EX-9 or between GLP-1R KO mice and their wild-type littermates. The COPD mice receiving GLP-1R agonist improved pulmonary function (P < .01) with less inflammation, but no less emphysema compared to PBS-treated mice. Compared with the PBS-treated mice, treatment with GLP-1 agonist increased ANP (nppa) gene expression by 10-fold (P < .01) and decreased endothelin-1 (P < .01), a peptide associated with bronchoconstriction. ANP had moderate bronchodilatory effects in isolated bronchial sections and GLP-1R agonist also showed bronchodilatory properties but less than ANP. Responses to both peptides were significantly increased in COPD mice (P < .05, P < .01).

Taken together, our study suggests a link between GLP-1 and ANP in COPD.

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