Journal of the Endocrine Society Journal Article

Medication Dosing in Pseudohypoparathyroidism

December 21, 2021
 

Jacqueline Antoun, Dylan Williamson, Merla Hubler, Ashley H Shoemaker
Journal of the Endocrine Society, Volume 5, Issue 12, December 2021, bvab161
https://doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvab161

Abstract

Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a rare hormone resistance syndrome caused by mutations in GNAS. This cross-sectional study investigated whether PHP patients with parathyroid hormone (PTH), thyrotropin (thyroid stimulating hormone; TSH), and free thyroxine (T4) levels at goal required higher doses of levothyroxine and calcitriol than recommended by current guidelines to overcome mineral ion abnormalities due to hormone resistance.

Baseline demographic and clinical data of participants enrolled in PHP research studies between 2012-2021 were collected via retrospective chart review. Longitudinally, data were recorded at a maximum frequency of once a year starting at 1 year of age. The PTH at goal (PAG) group was defined as PTH < 150 pg/mL and calcium ≥ 8.4 mg/dL, and the TSH and free T4 at goal (TAG) group was defined as TSH < 5 mIU/L and free T4 ≥ 0.8 ng/dL.

The PAG group (n = 74) was prescribed higher calcitriol doses than the PTH not at goal (PNAG) group (n = 50) (0.9 ± 1.1 vs 0.5 ± 0.9 mcg/day, P = 0.04) and 21% of individual patients were prescribed ≥ 1.5 mcg of calcitriol daily. This remained true after normalization for body weight (0.013 ± 0.015 vs 0.0067 ± 0.0095 mcg/kg/day, P = 0.008). There was no statistically significant difference in levothyroxine dosing between the TAG group (n = 122) and TSH and free T4 not at goal (TNAG) group (n = 45) when normalized for weight (2.0 ± 0.7 vs 1.8 ± 0.7 mcg/kg/day, P = 0.2).

More than one-third of patients with PHP had PTH levels not at goal and some patients required calcitriol doses ≥ 1.5 mcg/day to meet current treatment goals.

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