Journal of the Endocrine Society Journal Article

Race/Ethnicity Differences in Youth With PCOS

March 01, 2021
 

Stanley Andrisse, Yesenia Garcia-Reyes, Laura Pyle, Megan M Kelsey, Kristen J Nadeau, Melanie Cree-Green
Journal of the Endocrine Society, Volume 5, Issue 4, April 2021, bvab008
https://doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvab008

Abstract

Context

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is common and associated with metabolic syndrome. In the general population, metabolic disease varies by race and ethnicity.

Objective

This work aimed to examine in depth the interaction of race and ethnicity with PCOS-related metabolic disease in adolescent youth.

Methods

A secondary analysis was conducted of data from girls (age 12-21 years) with overweight or obesity (> 90 body mass index [BMI] percentile) and PCOS. Measurements included fasting hormone and metabolic measures, a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and magnetic resonance imaging for hepatic fat. Groups were categorized by race or ethnicity.

Results

Participants included 39 non-Hispanic White (NHW, age 15.7 ± 0.2 years; BMI 97.7 ± 0.2 percentile), 50 Hispanic (HW, 15.2 ± 0.3 years; 97.9 ± 0.3 percentile), and 12 non-Hispanic Black (NHB, 16.0 ± 0.6 years; 98.6 ± 0.4 percentile) adolescents. Hepatic markers of insulin resistance were worse in NHW, including lower sex hormone–binding globulin and higher triglycerides over high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TGs/HDL-C) ratio (P = .002 overall, HW vs NHB [P = .009] vs NHW [P = 0.020]), although homeostasis model assessment of estimated insulin resistance was worst in NHB (P = .010 overall, NHW vs NHB P = .014). Fasting and 2-hour OGTT glucose were not different between groups, although glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was lowest in NHW (overall P < .001, NHW 5.2 ± 0.3 vs HW 5.5 ± 0.3 P < .001 vs 5.7 ± 0.4%, P < .001). The frequency of hepatic steatosis (HW 62%, NHW 42%, NHB 25%, P = .032); low HDL-C < 40 mg/dL (HW 82%, NHW 61%, NHB 50%, P < .001) and prediabetes HbA1c 5.7% to 6.4% (NHB 50%, HW 36%, NHW 5%, P < .001) were different between the groups.

Conclusion

Adolescents with PCOS appear to show similar racial and ethnic variation to the general population in terms of metabolic disease components.

Read the article

 

You may also like...

Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.
Publishing Benefits

Author Resource Center

We provide our journal authors with a variety of resources for increasing the discoverability and citation of their published work. Use these tools and tips to broaden the impact of your article.

Thematic Issue

Latest Thematic Issue

immuno-endocrinology
Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Read our special collections of Endocrine Society journal articles, curated by topic, Altmetric Attention Scores, and Featured Article designations.

Back to top
Short on time?

We'll come to you...

Get updates on the latest breakthroughs, clinical practice guidelines, and career development opportunities, straight to your inbox

Then take the next step: Set up your free website account and get exclusive access to even more great tools & content!