Journal of the Endocrine Society Journal Article

Urinary Aldosterone in Predicting Subtype of PA

September 14, 2020
 

Hiroki Kaneko, Hironobu Umakoshi, Yuki Ishihara, Kazutaka Nanba, Mika Tsuiki, Toru Kusakabe, Noriko Satoh-Asahara, Akihiro Yasoda, Tetsuya Tagami
Journal of the Endocrine Society, Volume 4, Issue 9, September 2020, bvaa100
https://doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvaa100

Abstract

Context

Urinary aldosterone levels (Uald) are widely measured in the oral sodium-loading test to confirm primary aldosteronism (PA), but reliable studies on their diagnostic value are limited. This may be due to the difficulty in collecting urine with reliable accuracy, keeping oral sodium intake constant between patients. Therefore, we focused on 24-hour Uald after intravenous saline infusion in a hospitalized setting, which provides a reliable sodium load in consistent amounts.

Objective

Comparing plasma aldosterone concentrations (PAC) and Uald after saline infusion in the sitting position, to evaluate the accuracy in determining PA subtypes and the correlation of both measurements.

Design and Setting

This was a retrospective cross-sectional study in a single referral center.

Patients

Of 53 patients without renal dysfunction who were diagnosed with PA and underwent adrenal venous sampling, 16 and 37 were diagnosed with unilateral and bilateral PA, respectively.

Main Outcome Measures

Uald collected for 24 hours and PAC after saline infusion.

Results

The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for diagnosing unilateral PA was not significantly different between Uald and PAC after saline infusion (0.921 and 0.958, respectively; P = 0.370). The predicted optimal cutoff value of Uald was 16.5 µg/day (sensitivity, 87.5%; specificity, 100%), and that of PAC after saline infusion was 19.3 ng/dL (sensitivity, 87.5%; specificity, 97.3%). In studied patients with PA, Uald was positively correlated with PAC after saline infusion (r = 0.617; P < 0.001).

Conclusions

We reassessed Uald in PA patients under sufficient sodium loading and demonstrated the correlation between Uald and PAC after saline infusion.

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