Bone Mineral Density and Associated Risk Factors - in Healthy Indian Population

Presentation Number: SUN 316
Date of Presentation: April 2nd, 2017

Sujeet Jha*1, Neelam Kaushal2, Swati W Pandit1, Rajinder K Jalali3 and Divya Vohora2
1Max Healthcare Inst Ltd, New Delhi, India, 2Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India, 3Pharmaceutical Industries Limited, Gurgaon, India

Abstract

Objectives: To understand the bone mineral density pattern and associated risk factors in healthy Indian population. This is crucial for prevention, diagnosis of osteoporosis and management of its complications in later life. Better understanding of known and novel risk factors is expected to improve the decision taken by physician in the prevention and management of osteoporosis.

Materials & Methods: This research involves retrospective data collection, from the Preventive Health Check-up Department at Max Super speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India, over a period of 1 year (2014–15). The classification for status of BMD has been done based on WHO criteria i.e., normal BMD (T score ≥ −1), osteopenia (T score −2.5) and osteoporosis (T score ≤ −2.5). The data was collected in structured questionnaire and then recorded in Excel file. Statistical Analysis has partially been done using SPSS version 16.0.

Results: The analyzed population included 57 % males; age range: 20–85 years and 43 % females; age range: 21–79 years. As per preliminary analysis, osteoporosis has been observed in 7.7, 5.4, 5.4, 3.2 and 4.5 % subjects at lumber spine (L1-L4), femur neck (left), femur neck (right), total femur (left) and total femur (right) respectively. Osteopenia has been observed in 31.7, 34.8, 32.6, 30.8 and 28.5 % subjects at lumber spine (L1-L4), femur neck (left), femur neck (right), total femur (left) and total femur (right) respectively.

Conclusion: Prevalence of osteoporosis increased in this population as the age progressed.

 

Nothing to Disclose: SJ, NK, SWP, RKJ, DV