Effect of Music Means the Stress Reduction in Daily Life

Presentation Number: LB SUN 42
Date of Presentation: April 2nd, 2017

Nevin Dinccag*1, Coskun Oruc1, Sevim Oncul2, Sevda Yıldız Ozel3, Cengizhan Sonmez4 and Beyhan Omer5
1Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey, 2İ.Ü. Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey, 3Istanbul University,Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey, 4Bahcesehir Music Society, Istanbul, 5Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract

Introduction: Stress has potential to be major health treat facilitating the development of illness. It’s assumed that music has health beneficial effects by its potential stres-reducing life. There are some reports that chorists in choral soceity are influenced by music positively during their activities.

Objective: Our aim is to investigate whether the participants engaged in music are influenced by music. 37 volunteer, healthy chorists who perform Turkish art music in Bahcesehir Music Society, with mean age 50.3 ± 10.3yrs, were included into this study. Demographic features of participants were recorded. The state and trait anxiety status of chorists was evaluated by using a Likertscale the beginning and at the end of choir, on chorus working day. Assesments ensued at two time points: 19.00 and 21.00. After each assesments, chorists were asked to collect saliva samples for cortisol levels to be measured later. Participants were requested to repeat the same procedure at similar times of any day in their normal lives. Results of Likertscale ranging from 20 to 80 (low scores indicate low levels of stress and high scores indicate high levels of stress, respectively) was evaluated by an expert. Cortisol levels were measured by using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. All data was evaluated with SPSS 20 version.

Findings: The proportion of females(n:25) was higher than males(n:12). 78% of all participants were high educated(n:29). 24 chorists were retired, only 13 of them were active employees. 21% of participants (n:8) were using alcohol and cigarettes. Considering their daily music activity, while 37% of participants (n:14) were engaged in music 1-3 hrs/day; 23 individuals had music activity more than 5 hrs/day. While mean cortisol levels (ng/dL) were detected as 248.69±140.50 and 286.11±179.50, respectively, at hours 19.00 and 21.00 on the normal day of life (Group I); the levels were observed as 260.64 ±114.81 and 211.44±91.67, respectively, on chorus working day(Group II) at similar hours. When we compared difference of cortisol levels between groups; 21% increase (mean 37.42 ± 39.0 ng /dl) was detected in Group I; on contrary difference of cortisol levels was found as 49.2 ± 23.14 ng/dl, by decreasing % 33 in Group II (p<0.02). In both groups mean stress scores were within normal limits and ıt was found as 47.8±4.9; 41.4±4.9 ng/dl, respectively. Decrease in stres scores was significantly remarkable in the Group II; especially in women, individuals with non-alcoholic, but smokers, active employeers and people who have less time engaged in music (p<0.04).

Conclusion: We can say that individuals who perform a two-hour Turkish art music per week, are affected positively by music different from the day of their normal life. Particularly due to fact that mucic is very popular, cost-effective and easly applicable in daily life, it seems promising to use music in daily life as strategy for stress reduction.

 

Nothing to Disclose: ND, CO, SO, SYO, CS, BO